Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major public health and human rights concern throughout the world. The South East Asian Region has one of the highest incidences of gender-based violence in the world. This is a result of overall inferior status of women and girls and of unequal power relation between the genders. The GBVs take different forms for example physical, sexual, psychological including harmful traditional practices such as early or forced marriage, forced and unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions. More than a third of women worldwide have experienced either physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives. One in five girls is married before age 18, and 200 million women and girls alive today have undergone some form of female genital mutilation.
Nepal has a high incidence of gender-based violence and women remain — by large — the main victims. In 2017, 149 people were killed as a result of GBV in Nepal. Of these victims, 140 were female, 75 of whom were killed because of domestic violence. In 2017, out of 680 documented cases, the main perpetrator was a family member or relative in 163 cases of them. In a country like Nepal, the stigma associated with GBV and fear of community backlash also prevents victims from seeking appropriate services. According to Nepal Demographic Survey 2016, 66% of women who have experienced physical or sexual violence have not sought help to end the violence, nor have they shared their experiences. However, such cases are generally unreported due to the stigma attached to GBV.
Reducing and preventing violence against women is transformational: it improves the heath of women and children, reduces risks of acquiring HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), improves economic productivity and educational attainment, and reduces the risks of mental illness and substance abuse, among other benefits in support of sexual and reproductive health and gender equality programmes. Comprehensive approaches have been implemented by Save the Children to address GBV targeting to all levels of socio- ecological model i.e. children and adolescents, families and parents, communities and societies. The program is in partnership with local Non-government Organization (NGOs)- Rastriya Rojgar Prabardhan Kendra (RRPK) to capitalize economic opportunities for adolescent girls and young women, access to self- help groups and other support systems, empowered them with several training, exposures and learning opportunities, enhanced community support systems, strengthened local child protection mechanisms, introduced case management system for GBV survivors and created social and policy environments to prevent and respond to the GBV issues.
The end line evaluation will support to generate evidence which can be supportive to further design of the project, to document finest practices and can be favorable for replication and guidance for developing strategic plan to government, donors and other stakeholders.
Save the Children
July 2020 to September 2020